Thursday, December 12, 2019

Facility and Risk Management Hospitality Operation

Question: Discuss about the Facility and Risk Management for Hospitality Operation. Answer: Introduction This venue design and condition analysis is focused on Grand Roxy reception situated in Brighton-Le-Sands proximity to Sydney International and Domestics Airports. This venue has many facilities and amenities for guests who visit to hold various events such as weddings, Christmas parties, and meetings among other occasions. Due to its large size, Grand Roxy can accommodate about three hundred guests; an aspect which makes it popular among the native visitors as well as tourists who frequent this region. This report paper is a detailed analysis meant to evaluate the suitability of this facility to ensure that all probable risks are efficiently mitigated. Analysis of Grand Roxy design principles Typically, staff members, guests and service visitors such as suppliers often make use of facilities like Grand Roxy. Therefore, is necessary to ensure the safety of these groups while using its space (Reiling, 2007). In this section, the external and internal design principles of Grand Roxy are discussed. As discoursed in the case history one of the domestic issues of this facility is poor maintenance. For many years the business has been operating with poorly maintained ceilings, carpets, furniture and ceilings until the owner received approval by the city council to refurbish the building. Renovating the restaurant will enhance its appearance and may motivate guests and event organizers to hold their occasions there. Moreover, the location of Grand Roxy can affect the experience of the attendees. It is situated near an airport and the Sydney CBD where it can tap many users of the services delivered around these amenities. Further, it is reported that the business has incurred unne cessary costs on revamps due to its location near the beach amid adverse weather conditions that have significantly affected the users negatively (Anis, 2016). Summarily, it can be argued that Grand Roxy has applied sparingly proper design principles since it can acquire a significant pool of customers to use their services hence generate enough income for the business continuity. Nevertheless, only a few changes as depicted above are necessary to ascertain that the expectations of all users of the premises are well met and their safety assured. Achievement of the intended purpose of the venue design The primary goal of Grand Roxy is to offer the best customer experience by providing unrestricted services. In the attempt to achieve this vision, the firm formulates and implements various strategies one among them being the proper design layouts. The size of the venue, for example, is huge enough to accommodate a large number of guests who use it. The dance floor situated in the middle of the reception is amply sizable measuring about 16 by 21(Anis, 2016). This aspect is critical in the accomplishment of the business' primary drive since there might be a lot of attendants willing to dance in the space at the same time (Harper, 2009). In general, the flooring of Grand Roxy is well designed to enable the firm to achieve its intended purpose. In addition, the business is strategically located near other social amenities attracting people. It is located near an airport, a beach and Sydney CBD and thus it is able to accommodate people using the services offered in these facilities. Meeting objectives of the business stakeholders As pointed out earlier, there are three groups of people who are the commonest users of the Grand Roxy amenity, namely the staff members, guests and service visitors. These individuals form the pool of key stakeholders in Grand Roxy. Ideally, their expectations and objectives have been sufficiently met. Often the primary goal of business owners is usually to make profits while at the same ensuring quality and splendid organization progress (Teicholz, 2001). In this case, owners of Grand Roxy have been able to acquire a significant customer base guaranteeing them of constant business growth and development. The company is generating enough funds for the owners enabling them to plough back proceeds and use them to renovate and expand the premises in various aspects. Besides, the employees working with Grand Roxy receive just remunerations as recompenses for their contributions to the success of the organization. The design standards, on the other hand, aid attendees a lot in meeting th eir expectations of service delivery (Borja, 2003).The venue is large enough to ensure that all visitors irrespective of their numbers are well accommodated. Moreover, the strategic location of Grand Roxy eases its productivity abilities hence augmenting its potentials of meeting their financial obligations as they fall due, thus meeting the objectives of the service providers. Grand Roxy designers did a commendable work in planning for location, maintenance and internal features of the firm. However, some considerations can be deemed essential in the organization of this business premises. To start with, it could have beneficial for both the visitors and the business if parking services were offered. Undercover and other parts of packing vehicles can lower the expenses incurred by guests while searching for such services outside the reception premises while at the same time generating extra income for the firm (Banarjee Associates, 2003). Furthermore, the location of Grand Roxy is subject to criticism. Besides, locating the facility near a beach is subjecting it to additional costs of repairing worn out iron items corroded by the salty vapor from the ocean. To avoid such inconveniences the designers could have considered locating the business in the interior of Sydney city where such occurrences would be significantly minimized Top of Form(Steiner Butler , 2007). Rational behind Venue Condition Assessment The process of conducting Venue Condition Assessment (VCA) in the context of the core services of an organization provides detailed information about the deficiencies of the premises. The analysis enables the management to figure out the areas in a facility where a renovation, renewal, and code compliance issues are required (Lillie, 2004). Besides, a detailed VCA not only allows the executives to spot deficiencies in a venue but also the net costs needed to remake them. It helps in determining both immediate and long-term cost expenditures for maintaining the business buildings thus used as a renewal forecasting tool (Minnesota Vfa, 2011). In other words, facility condition assessment enables managers to manage business assets as well as mitigating risks which deter its performance. The practice allows companies to account for their short-term financial requirements; determining how much is needed to refurbish a certain facility. In additions, VCA aids a lot in enhancing the compet itive needs of a firm since it enables managers to decide whether it has the environment that the public, students or employees have a preference (Kubba, 2008).Ultimately, facility condition assessment eases the building of stewardship, the best way to invest business capital as well as the amount needed (Deutscher Verband Fu?R Facility Management, International Facility Management Association. 2005). Despite its importance, VCA appraisal is associated with various challenges. The venue condition assessment exercise may lack ample support especially from the business management leading to imprecise and incorrect conclusions. Occasionally, predisposition of the analysts during the process may occur impelling them to incline to particular aspects of the venue and living others unattended Modified Grand Roxy Venue Condition Assessment Form Item Functionality Cleanliness Accessibility Overall condition Refurbishment Asset life cycle Facility condition index Year cost Age Life expectancy Design Excellent Good Fair Fair Celling Good Fair Good Good Carpet Fair Good Good Fair Lighting Good Fair Fair Excellent Hygiene Fair Good Fair Good Ambiance Excellent Good Excellent Good Tables Fair Good Fair Good Chairs Good Good Good Good Windows Poor Unsustainable Poor Poor Recommendations As shown in the condition assessment form above, Grand Roxy should be actively involved in renovating and refurbishing facilities since majority of them are in a deprived overall condition. The design standards of the firm though found to have an outstanding functionality needs to be remade owing to its normal general condition. The accessibility of the facility is rated fair and to improve on this, the organization can restructure the pathways leading to the premises. The same case applies to the ceiling facilities of the building regarded as good. To enhance thrilling appearance of the amenity, the management has budgeted for some money to maintain and prevent these ceilings and walls from damage. Another issue within Grand Roxy venue is the carpet since it is not appealing to the eyes probably due to the color and functionality. As a result, the interior theming of the carpet is rated as a fair because it is destitute hence the need for a refurbish. The lighting condition in the b uilding is outstanding, and as a result, the management does not have to budget for any repair anytime soon. Another area considered in the assessment is hygiene which according to the information provided is good implying that only minor adjustments are necessary to augment its rating from good to excellent. Ambiance defined as the atmosphere or the character of a place is above average in the chosen venue (Cotts, Roper, Payant, 2010). The fact that Grand Roxy is located at the periphery of the city makes it less noisy, and the atmosphere here is decent. Finally, analysis of furniture condition in the firm is conducted proving that the business is in dire need to renovate the windows of the buildings. The overall condition of tables and chairs is quite good implying that some slight renovations are essential. Conclusion This report focuses mainly on analyzing the situation and designing of Grand Roxy, the chosen venue. This assessment task is essential since it helps a learner to apply the concepts learned in class in real life situation. Grand Roxy is a typical venue offering services to people, and as learned in the module, it is important to manage the facilities of such places to ensure the safety of individuals is at heart. This report analyses the design standards of Grand Roxy which according to the findings needs to execute a few changes to ensure efficiency in risk management. Also discussed in the report is the venue condition assessment whose primary purpose is to spot deficiencies of the assets and henceforth provide the necessary course of actions. Some of the facilities in Grand Roxy are in a deprived condition and as such there the firm should involve itself in thorough renovation and refurbishing processes. References Reiling, J. (2007).Safe by design: designing safety in health care facilities, processes, and Culture. Oakbrook Terrace, Ill, Joint Commission Resources. Anis, M. (2016). A Case-History and a Venue Condition Assessment Form. Southern Cross University. Harper, J. (2009).Planning for recreation and parks facilities: predesign process, principles, And strategies. State College, Pa, Venture Publishing, Inc. Teicholz, E. (2001).Facility Design And Management Handbook. New York, Mcgraw-Hill.Http://Accessengineeringlibrary.Com/Browse/Facility-Design-And-Management-Handbook. Borja De Mozota, B. (2003).Design management: using design to build brand value and Corporate innovation. New York, Allworth Press. Banarjee Associates, (2003). An overview of common parking issues, parking management Options, and creative solutions. City of Pasadena. https://pipta.org/wp-content/uploads/2014/04/Parking-Problems-and-Creative-Solutions.pdf Steiner, F. R., Butler, K. S. (2007).Planning and urban design standards. Hoboken, N.J., J. Wiley. https://public.eblib.com/choice/publicfullrecord.aspx?p=1031840. Lillie, K. (2004).Workshop on condition assessment inspection devices for water transmission Mains. Denver, Colo, Awwa Research Foundation. Minnesota, Vfa. (2011).Facility Condition Assessment for State of Minnesota State Office Building, St. Paul, Minnesota. https://www.leg.state.mn.us/edocs/edocs.asp?oclcnumber=948811272. Kubba, S. (2008).Property condition assessments. New York, McGraw-Hill. https://site.ebrary.com/id/10204566. Deutscher Verband Fu?R Facility Management, International Facility Management Association. (2005).Facility Management 2005: European Facility Management Conference, Exhibition Europe, Frankfurt am Main 19-21 April 2005, Tagungsband Proceedings. Berlin, Offenbach, VDE Verl. Cotts, D. G., Roper, K. O., Payant, R. P. (2010).The facility management handbook. New York, American Management Association. https://public.eblib.com/choice/publicfullrecord.aspx?p=452592.

Wednesday, December 4, 2019

Frees Black Success through Hard Work or Af Essay Example For Students

Frees: Black Success through Hard Work or Af Essay firmative Action? affirmative argumentative persuasive Riches through Hard Work or Affirmative Action? In recent years Affirmative Action has become an issue of great interest. Affirmative Action, also known as Preferential Hiring, which was devised to create harmony between the different races and sexes, has divided the lines even more. Supporters on both sides seem fixed in their positions and often refuse to listen to the other groups platform. In this essay, the recipients of preferential hiring will be either black or female, and the position in question will be a professorship on the university level. The hirings in question are cases that involve several candidates, all roughly equal in their qualifications (including experience, education, people skills, etc. ), with the only difference being race and/or sex. What we have here is a case of predetermined preference. The two candidates in question are equal in all ways, except race. The black applicant is selected, not because of skills or qualifications (in that case the white man would have provided the same result), but for his skin color. This seems to be blatant discrimination, but many believe it is justified. Some feel retribution for years of discrimination is reason enough, but that issue will be discussed later. First, lets focus on why this is not a solution to creating an unbiased society. Martin Luther King Jr. had a dream: I have a dream that my four little children will one day live in a nation where they will not be judged by the color of their skin, but by the content of their character. He desired a world without discrimination, without prejudice, and without stereotypes. The fundamental lesson years of discrimination should have taught is that to give anyone preference based on skin color, sex, or religious beliefs is, in one word, wrong. As Martin Luther King Jr. stated, judgment based on skin color must not exist. All preferential hiring does is keep judgments based on skin color alive. Race and sex should not be issues in todays society, yet preferential hiring continues to make these factors issues by treating minorities as a group rather than as individuals. More importantly preferential hiring may actually fuel, rather than extinguish, feelings of racial hostility. Applying the concept of preferential hiring to another situation may help elucidate its shortcomings. A party of white men and a party of black men both arrive at a restaurant at the same time and only one table is free. The headwaiter can only seat one party and must make a decision. According to preferential hiring theory it is necessary to seat the black party first, since historically blacks have been discriminated against when seated in restaurants. In another situation, a white man and a black man are both equidistant from the last seat on the bus. Both men are the same age, have no medical problems, and are equal in all ways except skin color. Should the black man get the seat since in the past black men have been discriminated against? We could continue this practice for several centuries before the debt we owe for depriving blacks of a seat on the bus would be paid. Perhaps these examples are invalid. It could be said that jobs are a different issue. They help define social status and provide economic well-being. They might even boost self-confidence, something that discrimination has stolen. Two points must be considered before moving any further. First, blacks may learn better from a black, and women may learn better from a woman. Second, hiring women and blacks will provide role models for others. .u6a2cfcbc52d70268a081e0a6bc904892 , .u6a2cfcbc52d70268a081e0a6bc904892 .postImageUrl , .u6a2cfcbc52d70268a081e0a6bc904892 .centered-text-area { min-height: 80px; position: relative; } .u6a2cfcbc52d70268a081e0a6bc904892 , .u6a2cfcbc52d70268a081e0a6bc904892:hover , .u6a2cfcbc52d70268a081e0a6bc904892:visited , .u6a2cfcbc52d70268a081e0a6bc904892:active { border:0!important; } .u6a2cfcbc52d70268a081e0a6bc904892 .clearfix:after { content: ""; display: table; clear: both; } .u6a2cfcbc52d70268a081e0a6bc904892 { display: block; transition: background-color 250ms; webkit-transition: background-color 250ms; width: 100%; opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #95A5A6; } .u6a2cfcbc52d70268a081e0a6bc904892:active , .u6a2cfcbc52d70268a081e0a6bc904892:hover { opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #2C3E50; } .u6a2cfcbc52d70268a081e0a6bc904892 .centered-text-area { width: 100%; position: relative ; } .u6a2cfcbc52d70268a081e0a6bc904892 .ctaText { border-bottom: 0 solid #fff; color: #2980B9; font-size: 16px; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; text-decoration: underline; } .u6a2cfcbc52d70268a081e0a6bc904892 .postTitle { color: #FFFFFF; font-size: 16px; font-weight: 600; margin: 0; padding: 0; width: 100%; } .u6a2cfcbc52d70268a081e0a6bc904892 .ctaButton { background-color: #7F8C8D!important; color: #2980B9; border: none; border-radius: 3px; box-shadow: none; font-size: 14px; font-weight: bold; line-height: 26px; moz-border-radius: 3px; text-align: center; text-decoration: none; text-shadow: none; width: 80px; min-height: 80px; background: url(https://artscolumbia.org/wp-content/plugins/intelly-related-posts/assets/images/simple-arrow.png)no-repeat; position: absolute; right: 0; top: 0; } .u6a2cfcbc52d70268a081e0a6bc904892:hover .ctaButton { background-color: #34495E!important; } .u6a2cfcbc52d70268a081e0a6bc904892 .centered-text { display: table; height: 80px; padding-left : 18px; top: 0; } .u6a2cfcbc52d70268a081e0a6bc904892 .u6a2cfcbc52d70268a081e0a6bc904892-content { display: table-cell; margin: 0; padding: 0; padding-right: 108px; position: relative; vertical-align: middle; width: 100%; } .u6a2cfcbc52d70268a081e0a6bc904892:after { content: ""; display: block; clear: both; } READ: Organization Need People or People Need Organization Essay The first point Thomson quickly concedes as likely to be false. Discussion about the second point however is required, and will, in effect, serve to negate the first point as well. First, lets create a character, Bill. Bill is grossly overweight and unattractive. Studies have shown that many employers discriminate (whether subconsciously or not), against both overweight and unattractive individuals. Unfortunately for Bill, he fits into both categories. His inability to land a job reflective of his abilities, coupled with years of public humiliation through jokes made at his expense, has destroyed his self-esteem. This has caused .

Thursday, November 28, 2019

How to Add Custom Fonts to Your WordPress Site (3 Methods)

Typography is more important than most people give it credit for. The fonts you use not only impact your website’s presentation, they can also make it stand out from other sites and render your content easier to read. Picking the same fonts as everyone else might be a safe bet, but it can be worth your while to add custom fonts to WordPress.Although WordPress includes a decent variety of font options out of the box, there are plenty of ways to improve on that selection. If you know how to include custom fonts on your website, you’ll be able to pick from thousands of exciting options. This will enable you to find a font that fits your niche and audience.In this article, we’re going to talk about what custom fonts are and where you can find some excellent choices. Then we’ll go over three methods you can use to upload custom fonts to WordPress. Let’s get to it! content management system (CMS) doesn’t include out of the box. There are thousands of custom font options that you can find online, and in general terms, nothing is stopping you from using any of them.Keep in mind, though – the fonts you choose shouldn’t just be aesthetically pleasing. They should also meet some additional criteria:Each font you include should be easy to read.It needs to fit in with the general style of your website and the other fonts you use.Letters should look good at both large and small sizes, since you need to keep mobile responsiveness in mind.Aside from these technical considerations, fonts provide you with an additional way to express your site’s style. They can become a part of your branding, and over time users might come to associate them with your site and business. So youll want to consider your choices very carefully.Where you can find custom fonts for your WordPress siteIf you do a quick search for ‘free fonts’ using any search engine right now, you’ll find hundreds of pages with broad selec tions to pick from:The problem, however, is that a lot of those free font websites don’t tend to have high standards when it comes to curating their selections. You may be able to find some jewels, but in many cases, they’ll also be full of fonts you wouldn’t be caught dead using even if you were working on a 2005 MySpace profile.Fortunately, there are a lot of excellent font repositories that do go to great lengths to curate their collections. One of our favorites is Google Fonts, which offers over 900 font families in several languages, all of them free:Another excellent option is Adobe Fonts  (formerly Typekit), which provides over 1,700 font families to choose from. Keep in mind, though – to access them you’ll need a Creative Cloud subscription (any tier will do). If you’re an Adobe user, that means you already have access to the entire font collection:These two sources alone will give you plenty of options to choose from. Keep in mind when making your selection that each font you choose should fit in with the rest of your site’s style, and be easy to read. Once youve found a few fonts you like, all thats left is to add them to your website.How to add custom fonts to your WordPress site (three methods)When it comes to custom fonts, WordPress provides you with several ways that you can implement the options you want. Let’s go over what each involves, so you can select the method that works best for you.1. Edit your themes fileIf you don’t want to upload font files to your website manually, you can always ‘import’ them from third-party repositories. With Google Fonts, for example, you can open any font page you want and click on Select This Font  at the top of the screen:Once you do that, a new menu will appear that includes two snippets of code. The first one should look like this:link href="https://fonts.googleapis.com/css?family=Robotodisplay=swap" rel="stylesheet"This code sh ould be placed within the head tags of your child theme’s header.php file. You can find this within your theme’s folder in the public_html/wp-content/themes directory.With that line, you’re telling WordPress to import the option you selected from Google Fonts. To use it, though, you’ll also need to open your child theme’s stylesheet and specify which elements should take advantage of your new font. Here’s what that code should look like:font-family: 'Roboto', sans-serif;Remember, your child theme’s stylesheet should be within the same directory as its header.php file. That means you can take care of both tasks in the same place, and implement new fonts in just a few minutes.2. Upload your fonts file to your themes folderIf you’re all about performance optimization, uploading font files to your website directly can enable you to shave a few milliseconds off your loading times. The first thing you’ll need, of course, is th e font file you want to upload to your server:Since WordPress doesn’t include a dedicated fonts folder, you’ll want to create one using your trusty FTP client. You can add the folder wherever you want, but we recommend placing it within your themes directory so you can keep track of it. Set it up now, and upload your font file to the new folder:Once the file is in place, open up your child theme’s stylesheet. Now you’ll need to call on that font so you can use it, via a snippet that should look like this:@font-face { font-family: New Font; src: url(http://www.yourwebsite.com/wp-content/themes//fonts/your-new-font.ttf); font-weight: normal; }Please note the font family name and URL above are placeholders, which you’ll need to replace with the right information.Once youve entered this code, don’t close your theme’s stylesheet just yet. You still need to configure which elements will use the new font, with some code thats very similar to what we looked at in the last section:.h1 site-title { font-family: "New Font", Arial, sans-serif; }In this example, we’re configuring our H1 subheadings to use the new font. However you can replace that with any other element you want, or multiple elements if youd like to use the font in more than one place.3. Use a pluginAs is often the case, the easiest way to implement new functionality in WordPress is to install a plugin. When it comes to using custom fonts, there are a lot of options to pick from.For example, if you want to use Google Fonts, we recommend the aptly-named Google Fonts for WordPress plugin. After activating this tool, you’ll be able to pick from the entire Google Fonts catalog for your pages and posts, without the need to add any code to your website: Google Fonts Typography Author(s): Custom Fonts Author(s): Brainstorm ForceCurrent Version: 1.2.0Last Updated: October 3, 2019custom-fonts.1.2.0.zip 94%Ratings 232,599Downloads WP 4.4+Requires With this plugin, you get to upload fonts to your website right from the dashboard, and use the Customizer to pick where and when to use them. Either of these plugins makes it a breeze to add new custom fonts to your site.ConclusionIf you pay attention to the fonts that websites use, you’ll notice that many of them stick to the same few tried-and-true choices. Some fonts are pretty safe bet when it comes to readability and user accessibility. However, with thousands of options to choose from – both free and paid – its worth looking for one that also fits your website’s style and audience perfectly.As for how to upload custom fonts to WordPress, you can go about it using three different approaches:Edit your theme’s file.Upload the font’s file to your themes folder.Use a WordPress custom fonts plugin. Want to add custom fonts to #WordPress? Here are 3 easy ways to do it 🅠°Ã¯ ¸  #tutorial Click To Tweet Do you have any questions about what types of fonts you should use on your website? Let’s talk about them in the comments section below!Free guide5 Essential Tips to Speed Up Your WordPress SiteReduce your loading time by even 50-80% just by following simple tips.

Sunday, November 24, 2019

Legalize or Unlegalize Gambling essays

Legalize or Unlegalize Gambling essays What role does the government have in legalizing or not legalizing gambling? State lotteries date back to Colonial America. In that time lotteries were used to pave streets and to fund other public work. However, in the 1870s, gambling scandals involving bribery of state and federal officials led to lotteries being outlawed altogether. Most other forms of gambling were outlawed as well. In 1960, New Hampshire paved the way with the first legalized state lottery. Of the fifty states 47 states and The District of Columbia followed shortly after in a lottery. When voters in New Jersey authorized casinos for Atlantic City in 1976, many felt that the lid of restriction of gambling had blown off. Some form of gambling is legal in 48 states. Forty-seven state governments now conduct lotteries (Thompson). Unless these states are willing to give up all the money they get from these lotteries they will still be legal. Yet, has the state government really looked at the benefits and liabilities of legalized gambling? Legalized gambling is a liability to states and local communities. Many reasons support this threat of moral downfall in America. There are benefits and liabilities of legalized gambling. Some benefits include state tax revenues and jobs among others. However, the liabilities are much greater. A few of the liabilities include moral decay of the family, increased crime, and severe addiction. Casinos offer quality jobs, economic development and capital investment in their communities. Some jobs a casino creates are dealers, servers, parking, maintenance, and security. This in turn drops the communities unemployment rate. According to the National Gambling Impact Study Commission (NGISC), in Mississippi, the casino industry pays about 3% of the states entire work force. The commission found that "destination type resorts" such as casinos, offer major economic advantages over what they called "convince type gambling." Co...

Thursday, November 21, 2019

Developing an Implementation Plan Assignment Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2000 words

Developing an Implementation Plan - Assignment Example Second, the program will undergo formal approval through Site-Based Research (SBR) Units Review (Carter, Reitmeier & Goodloe, 2014). The success of this program implementation process will rely on the support and participation of peers and unit leaders. Peer support will ensure that the implementation process will take the shortest time possible. Additionally, peer support will contribute to enthusiasm and buy-in for the implementation process. Administrative support is equally important because it will influence the degree to which institutions will implement the program. Below is the process of obtaining informal approval: Formal approval will require the submission of the program implementation plan to Site Based Research Review (SBR). SBR will review the proposal to assess the validity and legality of the contents of the plan. Afterward, the SBR will assign a director who will then forward the proposal to the Institutional Review Board (IRB) for review. The implementation will then commence after the approval of the IRB. Research studies reveal that health associated infections (HAIs) are some of the most common complications that healthcare organizations and practitioners face. For instance, a new research study reveals that more than two million people develop HAIs every year. The infections result in approximately 1,000 deaths every year. HAIs are also responsible for health care costs in excess of 30 billion dollars. Thus, addressing the issue of HAIs is critical in reducing healthcare costs and enhances patient safety. One of the approaches to addressing the problem of HAIs is reducing the prevalence of Catheter-Associated Urinary Tract Infection (CAUTI) among patients. CAUTIs are the most typical examples of HAIs, and they account for more than 35 percent of infections. The U.S. Department of Health estimates the total annual cost of CAUTI to be 565 million dollars, and the annual rate of deaths from CAUTI is

Wednesday, November 20, 2019

The Western Treatment of Illness versus Alternative Therapies of Essay

The Western Treatment of Illness versus Alternative Therapies of Probiotics, Herbs and Cleansing Regimens - Essay Example Bacteria which are immune to the traditional treatments of antibiotics have become a serious issue for practitioners and the general public. Over-reliance on antibiotics by family doctors, and non-compliance by patients (usually through lack of understanding about the nature of antibiotics and bacteria) has produced infections such as Clostridium difficile, known as C. dif, which require very intensive therapies and are very resistant to treatment. It therefore makes sense for scientists to consider whether alternative therapies are of any benefit in providing an alternative to antibiotics. Complementary therapy such as herbs may actually cheaper than conventional medications. A study comparing standard anti-depressants with St John's Wort found that the side effects of the herb were only 10 percent that of the medications, and the herb was only one-fourth the cost of the anti-depressant. (Jonas, W. 209). Treatment of Helicobacter Pylori through antibiotics is : The side effects of antibiotics often result in a significant failure to complete the course - this has repercussions both in the duration of the illness, and the likelihood of the bacteria becoming resistant to treatment. Studies have shown that probiotics act rapidly (Mattila-Sandholm et all, 2000). In addition, it is widely acknowledged that patients are complacent about antibiotics, (Guardian 2005), and complementary therapy could provide a solution to that problem (Jonas, 208) Alternative therapies also provide a 'holistic' treatment, though some clinicians feel that it is nonsense to claim that conventional medicine does not treat the whole person (Baum, 1988)However, there is evidence that probiotics strengthen the immune system (Kailasapathy, Chin, 82; Senok, Ismaeel, and Botta, 959-960), providing long-term benefits for the patient. In cases where the patient is vulnerable to infection, this may be of particular interest. Problems with CAM Although many people take CAM without problems, there are safety issues which mean that alternative therapy is not benign. Firstly, the herbs themselves may be toxic in large doses (Silverstein et al, 162), they may be contra-indicated with conventional medication (Silverstein, 162; Jonas 209), and generally less well regulated (Senok, 959). There is also little hard evidence that CAM's are more effective than conventional treatments (Mattila-Sandholm, 394; Langmead, Rampton, 348), and despite some clinicians' feelings that CAM's have a beneficial effect, some studies seem to show the opposite (Gionchetti, et al, 492). The biggest concern over the use of CAM in treating bacterial diseases, however, is the fact that many probiotics and herbal medicines are targeted at the healthy

Monday, November 18, 2019

The Motives of Enculturation Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1500 words

The Motives of Enculturation - Essay Example   Markedly, upon interviewing two individuals from different cultures; a Guatemala and Tibetan, it’s evident that enculturation, measured by the career values and choices made are directly influenced by family cultures. The first interviewee was a Tibetan registered nurse, working in a public hospital. For confidential purposes, the interviewees’ fine details including the hospital’s name are withheld. Being born in late 1979 his parents were typical Tibetans who lived in the southern parts of USA. He was brought up in a rural set-up, lived in the discrimination era and hence spent most of his childhood time with Asian natives. Currently, the interviewee acknowledged that he lives in a completely different environment, amidst blacks, Asians, Latin natives and whites, both at workplace and neighborhood: hence his own culture has become less important. The second interviewee was a Guatemalan woman, working in a cereal production farm. The lady in question was ambitious, social and maintained a cheerful face all through the interview time, responding to the questions precisely and splendidly. Contrary to her cultural obligation, the lady confirmed that she was a senior agricultural officer in the firm she worked for. Similar to the Tibetan guy, the lady was also brought up in suburban areas, was in her mid-thirties, almost turning 35, with her parents being traditionally encompassed. She was a graduate, the only girl in a family of three, and illiterate parents. Both respondents appeared to be positive about the interview. They cheerfully responded to the questions as it was a platform to confess the advantages that accrued from their enculturation process.  Ã‚